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List of Measurable Verbs Used to Assess Learning Outcomes


Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (1956): Cognitive Skills
A group of educators, led by Benjamin Bloom, identified a hierarchy of six categories of cognitive skills: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation.  As students learn, they start with the knowledge level and progress through the hierarchy.  Thus, advanced courses should include skills at a higher level than introductory or basic skills courses.  Below you will find a web-resource as well as a list of measurable verbs to assist you in writing course objectives and assess learning outcomes.

Objective-Builder Resource:  http://radiojames.com/ObjectivesBuilder/

Knowledge Level: The successful student will recognize or recall learned information.

list    

record

underline

state define arrange
name relate describe
tell recall memorize
recall repeat recognize
label select reproduce
Comprehension Level: The successful student will restate or interpret information in their own words.

explain

describe

report

translate express summarize
identify classify discuss
restate locate compare
discuss review illustrate
tell critique estimate
reference interpret reiterate
Application Level: The successful student will use or apply the learned information.

apply  

sketch

perform

use solve respond
practice construct role-play
demonstrate conduct execute
complete dramatize employ
Analysis Level: The successful student will examine the learned information critically.

analyze  

inspect

test

distinguish categorize critique
differentiate catalogue diagnose
appraise quantify extrapolate
calculate measure theorize
experiment relate debate
Synthesis Level: The successful student will create new models using the learned information.

develop 

revise

compose

plan formulate collect
build propose construct
create establish prepare
design integrate devise
organize modify manage
Evaluation Level: The successful student will assess or judge the value of learned information.

review 

appraise

choose

justify argue conclude
assess rate compare
defend score evaluate
report on select interpret
investigate measure support